Getting started

If you haven’t already, check out the Introduction to learn more about MUD before beginning.

In this tutorial you will create your first MUD project and gain an understanding of its structure. We will also explore MUD’s built in dev tools.

Before we begin let’s make sure your local environment is setup with the proper prerequisites.


  1. git (download (opens in a new tab))
  2. foundry (forge, anvil, cast) (download (opens in a new tab), make sure to foundryup at least once)
  3. node.js (v16+) (download (opens in a new tab))
  4. pnpm (after installing node: npm install --global pnpm)

If you are using Windows:

Windows steps

  1. install git bash (gitforwindows.org)
  2. install nodejs, including “native modules” (nodejs.org/en/download) (re native modules: just keep the checkmark, it’s enabled by default in the installer)
  3. Install foundry via foundryup using Git bash

Project setup

To start off let’s create your MUD project from a template by running the following pnpm command.

pnpm create mud@next my-project

At this point you will see the option of choosing a template—as of writing the four options are vanilla, react, phaser, and threejs. For the sake of this tutorial any of them works, but examples from the vanilla template will be used here.

After selecting your template you can run the app by switching into the project directory (cd my-project) and starting the development server.

pnpm run dev

If all went well you should see this in your command line.


After deployment is successful, pop over to http://localhost:3000 (opens in a new tab) and checkout your live app. When you visit you’ll see an increment button and dev tools open in the right-hand panel. Try clicking the button and seeing what updates in the dev tools!

If you want to open or close the dev tools at any time, you can press the ` key on your keyboard or the button on the bottom right.

MUD Basic App

Structure overview

The basic structure of the MUD template is broken down into two main sections: packages/contracts and packages/client.

  • The contracts package contains the MUD config, table definitions, systems, and a PostDeploy script. If you don’t know what any of this is, don’t worry—we’ll explain this all in detail in the Contracts section.
  • The client package includes an index.ts (or index.tsx depending on template) file and a lot of MUD boilerplate code that will bootstrap MUD, network sync, and more. Most of this code (in src/mud) can be ignored but we will cover a few key ones to look out for in the Client section.

Let’s continue by covering packages/contracts in more detail.

Contracts package

This package contains everything MUD needs to connect your tables and systems to the client and the chain you’re deployed on.

There are a few key files we will be going over:

  • mud.config.ts defines then auto-generates tables in src/codegen/tables.
  • src/systems is where all logic you write for your application will live, we’ll explore this via the default IncrementSystem.sol
  • PostDeploy.s.sol which populates tables with initial data if necessary. This could be useful to build a game with a predefined map, like in Emojimon, for example.

Let’s dive into mud.config.ts in more detail.

MUD config

The MUD config (mud.config.ts) is where you define all tables for your application; tables make up the MUD Store and contain value columns and key columns.

In your template the config starts with a single table: Counter.

import { mudConfig } from "@latticexyz/world/register";
export default mudConfig({
  tables: {
    Counter: {
      keySchema: {},
      valueSchema: "uint32",

Counter is a table with a single column of the type uint32, but this could have been assigned to any valid Solidity type.

This particular table is operated on by IncrementSystem.sol which we will discuss shortly.

If you want to learn more about how to setup tables and interface with the MUD config, you can jump to this section of the docs.


MUD was built with a complete separation of data (via tables and the Store) and logic (via stateless contracts with custom permissions). These stateless pieces of logic are what we call the systems of MUD.

In the previous section we discussed the default Counter table. Now we will discuss how the default IncrementSystem.sol operates on that table.

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity >=0.8.0;
import { System } from "@latticexyz/world/src/System.sol";
// make sure to import the auto-generated table(s) needed
import { Counter } from "../codegen/Tables.sol";
contract IncrementSystem is System {
  function increment() public returns (uint32) {
    uint32 counter = Counter.get();
    uint32 newValue = counter + 1;
    return newValue;

The increment system is able to import Counter (from its autogenerated table library) and operate on it by increasing its value by one.

Each system can contain any number of methods, though this system only has the single method—increment. These methods can then be called in the client to execute them in a transaction.

Client package

The client package will vary depending on which template used (vanilla, react, phaser, or threejs), but much of it will remain the same between them. Vite is used for bundling and serving the client app. As mentioned earlier there is boilerplate code included in each to bootstrap MUD. There are a few files you should understand and be aware of as you build your project:

  • You can adjust createClientComponents.ts to either override contract components or add client-only components.
  • If you are using chains other than foundry/anvil and lattice testnet, you can add them in getNetworkConfig.ts
  • createSystemCalls represents how the client talks to the system contracts
  • setup.ts

Beyond these files you can concern yourself simply with building out the frontend of the client.

Calling systems from the client

Now that you’re familiar with the basic structure of the client package, let’s go over how you can call on systems from the contracts package.

The starter project comes with IncrementSystem.sol—you can see it being called in index.ts (or App.tsx in the react template).

// Just for demonstration purposes: we create a global function that can be
// called to invoke the Increment system contract via the world. (See IncrementSystem.sol.)
(window as any).increment = async () => {
  const tx = await worldContract.write.increment();
  console.log("increment tx", tx);
  console.log("increment result", await tx.wait());